I'll try to refrain from delving further into the politics surrounding this, but one thing is clear: the expectation that more and more people should enter higher education means that higher education has become something quite unrelated to the kind of "hard science" usually associated with profitable, cutting edge research and invention such as chemistry, mathematics and physics. The smartest thing to do in any creative outlet is to provide CONSISTENCY. But Clark and other Allied commanders failed to grasp Hitler's determination not to lose Italy. The fighting in Sicily had not yet started when discussions were renewed about Italy. British and Canadian troops invaded Italy on September 3 with little opposition. December 8: Some Italian forces enter combat for the Allies, as the series of battles along Nazi Germany's Winter Line in Italy intensifies. December 1943 began with Nazi Germany's plan to intensify its bombing campaign over Britain. December 11: Nazi Germany loses nearly 140 planes in a dogfight in the skies over the Emden U-boat facility. December 3-4: Some 1,000 civilian casualties result from a British Royal Air Force (RAF) raid on Leipzig, Germany. The Nazis' Atlantic Wall includes armed bunkers: From spring 1942 to 1944, Nazi Germany built fortifications along 3,000 miles of French and Belgian coastline. U.S. Army General Mark Wayne Clark fights the Nazis in Italy: Capable but overly confident, General Mark Wayne Clark was appointed commander of the U.S. Fifth Army in 1943. His September assignment, to land his troops in the port of Salerno and direct a portion of the invasion of Italy, seemed easy enough. The Gustav Line extends across the Italian peninsula: To block the Allied advance, Field Marshal Albert Kesselring, the German commander in Italy, Show link constructed defenses south of Rome. The Gustav Line was the most formidable of four lines of defense that extended across the Italian peninsula. The Gustav Line was a series of concrete bunkers and artillery positions on the rocky faces of mountains fronted by a no-man's-land of barbed wire and land mines. Defenses included 14,000 concrete bunkers armed with mortars, machine guns, and larger gun emplacements, such as this Fernkampfbatterie (distant battle battery). Some 4,600 Japanese and 1,100 Americans lose their lives in the battle. Propaganda posters featuring slogans such as "Careless Talk Costs Lives" warned against spies in public places. Of course, a public sector project costing as much as Skolplattformen is a great place to employ the graduates of various proletarianized educations, but could those persons perhaps have been of better use somewhere else? The Japanese employ poison gas in an attack on the Chinese city of Changteh. Our factory was established in 1998, View home page located in the beautiful city of Shenzhen in China. China is estimated to be home to 168 million pet dogs. The beach and waters below were protected by antitank obstacles, steel "Belgian Gates" intended to damage landing craft, click and six million mines. Facing a sharp decline in the number of miners working on the home front, British labor minister Ernest Bevin decrees that one of every 10 draftees will be sent to the coal mines instead of the front lines. British fear espionage by Nazi spies: When war began, the British worried about enemy agents operating from within their country. They reach additional agreements about the prosecution of the war in the Pacific. Critical World War II events in December 1943 included Nazi Germany's bombing of Britain, and the Soviet Union's new offensive against the Germans. December 3: Reichsmarshall Hermann Göring orders an intensification of Germany's bombing campaign over Britain. Starbucks has over 20,000 stores in 63 countries, and it’s now the world’s most famous coffee shop. Nineteen ships are destroyed when bombs strike two shipboard ammunition stores. December 28: Ortona, Italy, is finally in Allied hands after two weeks of violent clashes in the streets of the small city. Two decades of development, and proximity to ports like Tianjin and to South Korea, helped it to boom, not necessarily with foreign investors, but with emerging domestic entrepreneurs and brands. The beauty industry is rapidly evolving and tempting like big city lights. December 5: Some 350 die in a Japanese raid on the Indian port city of Calcutta. The southern Italian port of Bari is devastated by a German air raid. Isolated from the political realities of the Third Reich and the war, Braun was permitted luxuries that Hitler denied to other German women, including makeup and the use of alcohol and tobacco.